Thursday, February 27, 2014
ACARREANDO CAÑA, COSTA RICA, watercolor sketch
Costa Rica, a country without army. In 1948, Jose Figueres Ferrer lead the army, and started a fight to defend universal suffrage, and achieve a profound change in the political model of Costa Rica. A few months later, as head of the Junta, he dictated many political reforms, which transformed the country. Among them, he took away his own military status, and abolished the army in the country. This was unique in the world, becoming the only general in the world to resign in this manner, and Costa Rica the first country in the world without an army. Costa Rica transformed military expenses in investments on social causes: literacy, universal health coverage, electricity and communications.